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India has a long and complex relationship with cannabis. For centuries, it was prohibited and criminalized, but now the country is exploring ways to make use of it in various forms for both medicinal and recreational purposes. This article takes a look at the evolution of cannabis oil in India, from its prohibition to its possible production in the future.

Introduction to the History of Cannabis Oil in India

Cannabis oil has been used in India for centuries, with the earliest references dating back to the Atharva Veda, a sacred Hindu text. Cannabis was traditionally used as a medicinal herb and was even prescribed by some doctors in ancient times. However, it was also used recreationally, and this is where the problems started.

The recreational use of cannabis was gradually outlawed starting in the early 1900s. In 1961, the Indian government passed the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, which made possession and use of cannabis illegal. This law was enforced strictly, and anyone caught with cannabis was subject to harsh penalties.

This remained the status quo for many years, but things started to change in the early 2000s. In 2002, the Indian government decriminalized possession of small amounts of cannabis for personal use. Then, in 2006, they relaxed the rules even further, allowing people to grow their own cannabis plants for personal use.

This opened up a whole new market for cannabis oil in India. Now that it was legal to grow and possess small amounts of cannabis, more people were interested in trying it out. And with more people using it, more companies began selling cannabis oil products.

Today, there are a wide variety of cannabis oil products available on the market in India. You can find oils that are high in THC or CBD, depending on your preferences. And you can even find products that are infused with other herbs or spices to give them

History of Prohibition and Legislative Changes

In India, the use of cannabis dates back to at least 2000 BCE. Cannabis was first mentioned in the Atharvaveda, a sacred Hindu text. In the Atharvaveda, cannabis is described as a sacred plant that gives people joy and relieves them from pain.

Cannabis remained relatively unknown in India until the early 1800s when British colonists began to introduce the plant for its recreational and medicinal properties. In 1838, Dr. William O’Shaughnessy, a British physician living in India, published a paper detailing the medical benefits of cannabis. This paper helped to increase awareness of cannabis in India and its potential uses.

During the late 1800s and early 1900s, there was an increase in the use of cannabis in India for recreation and medicinal purposes. In response to this increased use, the Indian government passed a number of laws aimed at restricting the use of cannabis.

The first of these laws was the Bengal Act of 1876 which prohibited the sale and consumption of cannabis except for medicinal purposes. This law was followed by the Bombay Prohibition Act of 1877 which made it illegal to cultivate, possess or consume cannabis.

The most significant change came in 1900 with the enactment of The Dangerous Drugs Act. This act classified cannabis as a dangerous drug and made it illegal to cultivate, possess or consume it. The penalty for violating this law was harsh, with offenders facing up to 10 years in prison.

This act remained

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The Role of Cannabis Oil in Traditional Medicine

Cannabis oil has been used in traditional Indian medicine for centuries. The plant is native to the subcontinent and has a long history of medicinal use. Cannabis oil is used to treat a wide variety of conditions, including pain, inflammation, anxiety, and seizures.

In recent years, there has been a resurgence of interest in cannabis oil as a potential treatment for various health conditions. This is largely due to the legalization of medical marijuana in many countries. Cannabis oil is now being studied for its potential to treat a number of different medical conditions.

Cannabis oil contains a number of active compounds, including THC and CBD. These compounds interact with the body in different ways, providing a range of therapeutic benefits. CBD oil is known to be helpful in treating epilepsy, anxiety, and chronic pain. THC oil has shown promise in treating cancer and reducing nausea associated with chemotherapy.

Cannabis oil is typically taken orally or applied topically to the skin. The exact dosage and method of administration will vary depending on the condition being treated and the individual patient’s response to treatment. It’s important to work with a qualified healthcare provider to determine the best course of treatment.

Health Benefits of Cannabis Oil

Cannabis oil has been used for centuries in India for its medicinal properties. The oil is made by extracting the resin from the leaves and flowers of the cannabis plant. Cannabis oil is thought to be effective in treating a variety of conditions, including:



-Chronic pain


-Loss of appetite

Cannabis oil is also said to have anti-inflammatory and antipsychotic effects. Some studies have shown that cannabis oil may be effective in treating cancer. More research is needed to confirm these findings.

The Production Process for Cannabis Oil

Cannabis oil has been used in India for centuries, but its production process has evolved significantly over time. In the early days of cannabis oil production, the plant material was simply crushed and combined with animal fat to create a crude oil. This oil was then used for medicinal purposes or as a fuel source.

As cannabis production became more sophisticated, the production process for cannabis oil also became more refined. Today, commercial cannabis oil is produced using a variety of methods, including supercritical CO2 extraction, solvent-based extraction, and lipid-based extraction.

Supercritical CO2 extraction is considered the gold standard for cannabis oil production. This method uses high pressure and temperature to extract cannabinoids and other compounds from the plant material. The resulting oil is pure and potent.

Solvent-based extraction is another popular method for producing cannabis oil. This method uses chemicals like hexane or ethanol to strip cannabinoids and other compounds from the plant material. The resulting oil is less pure than supercritical CO2 extracted oil but still contains many of the beneficial compounds found in cannabis.

Lipid-based extraction is a newer method that uses fats or lipids to extract cannabinoids from the plant material. This method can be done with either raw plant material or decarboxylated (activated) plant material. Lipid-based extraction typically produces a more potent oil than either supercritical CO2 extraction or solvent-based extraction.

Different Types of Cannabis Oils Available in India

1. hash oil: This is a type of cannabis oil that is made by extracting the resinous substance from the flowers and leaves of the cannabis plant. Hash oil is usually green or brown in color and has a sticky, tar-like consistency.

2. CBD oil: This is a type of cannabis oil that contains high levels of cannabidiol (CBD), a non-intoxicating compound found in the cannabis plant. CBD oil is believed to have therapeutic benefits, such as reducing inflammation and pain.

3. THC oil: This is a type of cannabis oil that contains high levels of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychoactive compound found in the cannabis plant. THC oil is used for its euphoric and psychoactive effects.

4. Rick Simpson Oil (RSO): This is a type of cannabis oil that was developed by Canadian medical marijuana activist Rick Simpson. RSO contains high levels of THC and is used for treating various conditions, such as cancer and chronic pain.

Potential Issues with Legalization

While cannabis oil has been used in India for centuries, the plant from which it is derived remains illegal. This creates a number of potential issues with legalization.

First, there is no clear regulatory framework for the production and sale of cannabis oil. This means that it is difficult to ensure that products are safe and of high quality. Second, the illegal status of the plant also makes it difficult to research its medical benefits and risks. Finally, legalization would likely increase the availability and use of cannabis oil, which could lead to more people developing addiction or other negative health consequences.


As India moves toward legalization of cannabis oil, it is a great time to explore the history and evolution of this powerful plant-based product. From its initial use for medicinal purposes to its criminalization under prohibition laws, cannabis oil has had quite a journey in India. Today, many companies are taking advantage of the advancements in technology and science to produce high quality cannabis oils that provide health benefits with minimal side effects. With more research being done on the potential medical uses of cannabis oil, there is hope that it will soon be available for all people in India who could benefit from its therapeutic properties.

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